attempt to present or capture the beauty of the natural Japanese landscape,
into a limited space. Whether creating a
seaside or a mountainous country scene, stones, water and mosses are important
elements. Japanese gardens also reflect
the elements of the Japanese culture and often include sculptures and
artwork. This way they combine both the natural
beauty with artificial beauty.
The plants are
living elements and as they grow, they transform and respond to what goes on
around them. The garden is a dream in
its original plan, but is never finished.
What are the types of Japanese gardens?
There are 3
- Tea house gardens
- Dry stone gardens
- Gardens with ponds
For the purposes
of this website we will focus on the Japanese pond
ponds may emphasise streams flowing into lakes or rivers
out to sea. Japanese dry stone gardens often
use white sand, carefully raked, to symbolise flowing. Many Japanese ponds
incorporate islands to reflect coastal views, or arrange sand and rocks create
a shoreline. While others create
waterfalls inspired by mountain streams.
A Japanese pond can gain a whole new panorama, through
the reflective properties of the water.
The graceful formations of a borrowed landscape.
ponds are meant to be viewed from many sides, creating
further challenges for any designer.
What water plants should I include in my Japanese pond garden?
ponds are designed with few water plants. This occurs where the landscaped pond is an
example of a large river, lake or sea.
In these settings there are naturally fewer visible plants in the water,
but are placed along the edges to reflect those that grow along river banks and
coastal shorelines. Plants such as Rabbit
Ear Iris (Iris laevigata) and Japanese Iris (Iris ensata, sometimes still
referred to as Iris kaempferi) are ideal for these landscapes. These Iris are often found in the Japanese Temple
water gardens, due to their beautiful floral shows.
Lotus (Nelumbo) and water lilies (Nymphaea)
are also featured in many Japanese pond gardens. They can add some dramatic beauty while still
exuding peace and tranquillity.
Gold fish and Koi
Gold fish and Koi are popular in Japanese ponds. You tend to lose yourself in their presence,
as you sit down to watch them glide peacefully though the pond. While gold fish are available to purchase
throughout Australia, Koi are restricted and are only allowed in NSW and
WA. Most pond plants can exist happily
with fish up to 30cm, however if you have Koi that are much larger, then the
pond plants may need to be protected from damage.
- Click on the following link to view water lilies that are
available from Oz Watergardens.
- Click on the following link for more
information on Tropical plants , such as Lotus.
- To view the varieties of Iris go to our Zone
Map page and check out Zones 2 and 3.
Please use our store
locator to contact your nearest garden centre, to place an order.